The next story in the Metamorphoses comes at the end of Book 1 and is continued through almost the whole of the first half of Book 2. (picture of amber by Hannes Grobe, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 2.5 licence).
A 1635 painting by Giovanni da San Giovanni, aka Giovanni Mannozzi, shows Apollo and Phaethon talking together. It is now in the Uffizi gallery but their site doesn't show it. A painting from around the same time by Poussin also shows the meeting between Helios and Phaethon (now in Berlin's Gemäldegalerie, but doesn't appear to be on their website).
More usually paintings take the fall of Phaethon as their subject. Above are examples from (far left) Liss (1624 – now in London's National Gallery) and two from Rubens (1604/5 centre) – now in Washington's National Gallery of Art – and an undated picture (right) now in Brussels's Musée Royaux des Beaux Arts). (click on images to enlarge)
Rather later is the above picture by Gustave Moreau (1878, now in the Louvre, but not on their website), while a ceiling of the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston has a painting of the fall of Phaethon by John Singer Sargent, discussed in detail on this site dedicated to Sargent.
Sculptors and engravers seem to have found this image particularly attractive. The undated engraving (below left) by Hendrik Golzius (1558 - 1617) is now in the collection of the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco. The undated statue (below centre) by Simone Mosca (aka Moschino) (c. 1523 - c. 1578) is now in the Bode-Museum in Berlin (not shown on their website). The series of medals by Dassier which we looked at before includes three on the subject of Phaethon. The jeweler John Brogden's cameo (carved by Luigi or Tommaso Saulini) (below right) shows Phaethon struggling to control the horses. Dating back to approximately 1880, it is now in the Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery. (click on images to enlarge)
One of the lesser known works of Camille Saint-Saëns is a tone poem called Phaéton. The second of Britten's Six Pieces After Ovid is based on the story of Phaethon. Irene has found another recording of the work on Amazon and Nicholas Daniel's performance of this piece is available on YouTube. The contemporary composer Christopher Rouse has composed a piece on the story of Phaethon for orchestra and augmented percussion. He has put his programme note for the piece online.
YouTube has quite a few videos on the story of Phaethon. This one is illustrated by children's drawings and has some great voice work – I particularly liked Phaethon the whiny brat.
Phaethon's sisters wept over his body for so long that they took root and became poplar trees, while their tears turned to amber. The British Museum has a 1533 drawing by Michelangelo showing Phaethon falling with the weeping Heliades down below. Later in the 16th century Santi di Tito (1536 - 1603) painted this picture (left) of the Heliades. Claude Lorrain painted a Harbour Scene With Grieving Heliades in 1640 (scroll down to find the picture and then click for a larger view) (now in Cologne's Wallraff-Richards-Museum, but their collection does not seem to be online).